Shanghai literally means the city by the sea. Shanghai is situated at 31° 14' north latitude and 121° 29'east longitude, on the west shore of the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered on the north and west by Jiangsu Province, on the south by Zhejiang Province, and on the east by the East China Sea. Right in the middle of China's east coastline, Shanghai is an excellent sea and river port, boasting easy access to the vast hinterland.
The city is divided into two parts by the Huangpu River: Puxi (west of the Huangpu River) and Pudong (east of the Huangpu River). Puxi is the older part of the city and hosts the majority of shops, restaurants and museums. Pudong is the modern part, and is recognized for its rather unusual yet extremely impressive high-rises such as Shanghai's tallest buildings, the Shanghai International Financial Center, Jinmao Building and the Oriental Pearl TV Tower.
The area within 2-hour-flight radius from Shanghai covers 90% of the population of China, including Beijing, Guangzhou, Hong Kong and Taiwan, Korea and part of Japan also lie within this radius.
To Suzhou: 25 mins by High Speed Rail
To Hangzhou: 60 mins by High Speed Rail
Due to constant inflow of people from other parts of the country, the size of population in Shanghai keeps growing.
Shanghai is the commercial, financial, trade and transportation center of China, with a GDP of ¥3.27 trillions (US$494 billions) that makes up 3.63% of China's GDP, and a GDP per capita of ¥135,212 (US$20,425) in 2018. The six pillar industries in Shanghai—retail, finance, IT, real estate, machine manufacturing and automotive manufacturing—consist about half the city's GDP. Average annual disposable income of Shanghai residents was ¥64,183 (US$9,695) per capita in 2018, making it one of the wealthiest cities in China, but the city is also the most expensive city to live in mainland China according to the study of Economist Intelligence Unit in 2017.
Electricity is supplied at 220 volts, 50 cycles.